Maintenance Notice

Due to necessary scheduled maintenance, the JMIR Publications website will be unavailable from Wednesday, July 01, 2020 at 8:00 PM to 10:00 PM EST. We apologize in advance for any inconvenience this may cause you.

Who will be affected?

Advertisement

Currently submitted to: JMIR Research Protocols

Date Submitted: May 22, 2020
Open Peer Review Period: May 27, 2020 - Jul 27, 2020
(closed for review but you can still tweet)

NOTE: This is an unreviewed Preprint

Warning: This is a unreviewed preprint (What is a preprint?). Readers are warned that the document has not been peer-reviewed by expert/patient reviewers or an academic editor, may contain misleading claims, and is likely to undergo changes before final publication, if accepted, or may have been rejected/withdrawn (a note "no longer under consideration" will appear above).

Peer-review me: Readers with interest and expertise are encouraged to sign up as peer-reviewer, if the paper is within an open peer-review period (in this case, a "Peer-Review Me" button to sign up as reviewer is displayed above). All preprints currently open for review are listed here. Outside of the formal open peer-review period we encourage you to tweet about the preprint.

Citation: Please cite this preprint only for review purposes or for grant applications and CVs (if you are the author).

Final version: If our system detects a final peer-reviewed "version of record" (VoR) published in any journal, a link to that VoR will appear below. Readers are then encourage to cite the VoR instead of this preprint.

Settings: If you are the author, you can login and change the preprint display settings, but the preprint URL/DOI is supposed to be stable and citable, so it should not be removed once posted.

Submit: To post your own preprint, simply submit to any JMIR journal, and choose the appropriate settings to expose your submitted version as preprint.

Warning: This is an author submission that is not peer-reviewed or edited. Preprints - unless they show as "accepted" - should not be relied on to guide clinical practice or health-related behavior and should not be reported in news media as established information.

Enhancing family-based long-term care with a model of community integrated intermediary care (CIIC) service for Thai older adults in Chiang Mai, Thailand: Protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial

  • Myo Nyein Aung; 
  • Saiyud Moolphate; 
  • Motoyuki Yuasa; 
  • Thin Nyein Nyein Aung; 
  • Yuka Koyanagi; 
  • Siripen Supakankunti; 
  • Ishtiaq Ahmad; 
  • Ryoma Kayano; 
  • Paul Ong; 

ABSTRACT

Background:

Thailand is one of the most rapidly aging countries in Asia. Traditional family-based care that has been the basis of most care for the older people is becoming unsustainable as families become smaller. In addition, women tend to be adversely affected as they still form the bulk of caregivers for older people, and many are likely to exit the labour market in order to provide care. Many family caregivers also have no or minimal training, and they may be called upon to provide quite complex care, raising the spectre of older people receiving sub-optimal care if they rely only on informal care that is provided by families and friends. Facing a rising burden of non-communicable diseases and age-related morbidity, Thai communities are increasingly in need of community integrated care model for older persons which can link existing health system and reduce the burden upon caring families. This need is common to many countries in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

Objective:

In this study, we aimed to assess the effectiveness of community-integrated intermediary care (CIIC) model to enhance family-based care for older people.

Methods:

This paper describes a cluster randomized controlled trial, comprising six intervention clusters and six control clusters that aim to recruit 2000 participants in each arm. This research protocol has been approved by the World Health Organization (WHO) Ethics Review Committee (ERC). The intervention clusters will receive an integrated model of care structured around 1) a community respite service, 2) the strengthening of family care capacity; and 3) an exercise program that aims to prevent entry into long-term care for older people. Control group clusters receive usual care i.e., the current system of long-term care common to all provinces in Thailand, consisting principally of a volunteer-assisted homecare service. The trial will be conducted in a period of two years. The primary outcome is the burden of family caregivers measured at a six month follow up, applying the caregiver burden inventory. Secondary outcomes consist of bio-psychosocial indicators including functional ability applying activity of daily living scale, depression applying geriatric depression scale and quality of life of older people applying the EuroQol 5-dimensions 5-levels scale. Intention-to-treat analysis will be followed.

Results:

n/A

Conclusions:

Since ASEAN and many Asian countries share similar traditional family-based long-term care systems, the proposed CIIC model and the protocol for its implementation and evaluation may benefit other countries wishing to adopt similar community integrated care models for older people at risk of needing long-term care. Clinical Trial: World Health Organization Ethical Review Committee approval: WHO/ERC ID; ERC.0003064 Thailand Clinical Trial Registry, Trial registration number TCTR20190412004


 Citation

Please cite as:

Aung MN, Moolphate S, Yuasa M, Aung TNN, Koyanagi Y, Supakankunti S, Ahmad I, Kayano R, Ong P

Enhancing family-based long-term care with a model of community integrated intermediary care (CIIC) service for Thai older adults in Chiang Mai, Thailand: Protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial

JMIR Preprints. 22/05/2020:20196

DOI: 10.2196/preprints.20196

URL: https://preprints.jmir.org/preprint/20196

Download PDF


Request queued. Please wait while the file is being generated. It may take some time.

© The authors. All rights reserved. This is a privileged document currently under peer-review/community review (or an accepted/rejected manuscript). Authors have provided JMIR Publications with an exclusive license to publish this preprint on it's website for review and ahead-of-print citation purposes only. While the final peer-reviewed paper may be licensed under a cc-by license on publication, at this stage authors and publisher expressively prohibit redistribution of this draft paper other than for review purposes.